The village outwardly looked much calmer city. In the period of the world The war in the territory of Oryol Province was not agrarian unrest. Affected by the departure to the front of the most active part of the male population, relatively good yields of the war years, suspension in the spring of 1915 Stolypin agrarian reform.
When describing the pre-revolutionary period, very serious attention given to the strike movement. It is rightly considered an indicator. degree of social crisis experienced by society, depth and breadth development of the revolutionary consciousness of the masses that in the war may have a decisive influence on the fate of the whole country. In this context economic strikes seem “less valuable”, but they serve indicator of the severity of the current economic situation.
All cases of workers’ performances that were in the Oryol province in the years World War II, had an economic basis. Some of them were caused lack of specific food products, others general workers’ dissatisfaction with their financial situation. These cases concentrated on the enterprises Maltsevskogo joint stock company located in the Bryansk district. The main actors in such the situation turned out to be workers and the administration of the joint stock company, from action strategies which depended on the state of the working question.
Everywhere in factories and factories of the joint stock company practiced selling coupons from factory stores and rations shops food and essential goods for workers cheap prices44. Violation of this which was of great importance for trade workers became the main cause of discontent workers in the first period of the war. Lack or shortage of products in factory shops forced them to demand a pay rise for in order to be able to acquire everything you need on the market. In the second half of 1914 among the workers of the Bryansk district a hot-patriotic feeling prevailed, expressed not only on in words, and not even in donations, 45 but in the awareness of the state the importance of their work and a certain responsibility that imposes on them this importance. Execution of orders was put at the forefront, disputes with administration, the struggle to improve their situation, were postponed until the end of the country’s extreme period, i.e. until the end of the war. Before the end of 1914, there was not a single strike (the last time Bryansk the factory was on strike July 12-14, 1914) And subsequently, when living conditions forced the Bryansk workers to look for ways to improve them, work on defense continued to be considered of paramount importance and served for working argument in asserting their demands. The workers believed that it is in the interests of the state to meet them and create the most favorable conditions for their work. Sending into the army was not perceived as punitive measure, punishment for disobedience and violation of order. Call
It was a natural consequence of the termination of the delay in connection with dismissal from the factory, and, like among other mass categories of the population, considered an inevitable necessity.